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Computer Terminology – Some Technical Words and Concepts You Should Know

Clicking To press a button (usually the LEFT) on a mouse (see definition below).

Copy and Paste To copy text and/or an image from one area and place it (paste) elsewhere.

Cursor / Cursor Keys A small flashing vertical line on the screen. It shows where you are (or will be) typing. Cursor keys (arrows on the computer keyboard) move the cursor.

Database Generally, a computerized information storage system. Job search databases contain job announcements. Thrall’s research databases contain “full text” (complete) articles from magazines, journals, encyclopedias, and newspapers.

E-mail Electronic mail. It’s how people most often communicate on the Internet (see definition below). When applying for a job, you will need an e-mail account. Ask for our free Getting an E-mail Account flyer at Reference.

Errors When working with computers, there can often be errors (problems) reported. If you see any error messages while on library computers, see Reference.

Files and File Names Computers store information in files. Files can contain your resumé, cover letter, as well as other documents, images, and music. Files can be stored on flash drives, floppy disks, and hard drives (see definitions below)

File Attachments Files sent by e-mail. Sometimes you must send your resumé as an “attached file” to an employer. See our Resumé flyer for steps on how to do that.

File Formats Just as there are different kinds of information, there are numerous ways (formats) that information can be recorded on a computer. Your resumé file is usually stored as a Microsoft Word file. See our Resumé flyer for details.

Flash Drives Storage media for files. Faster, smaller, usually more reliable than floppy disks. Store thousands of files. Connects via the USB port (see next page).

Floppy Disks Storage media for files. Given their high failure rate, low storage capacity, and the fact that recent/new computers and laptops do not support them, floppy drives are often not the best option for storing important documents!

Forwarding To pass on the information you received by e-mail to another person (by e-mail).

Hard Drive A computer’s main storage media. Often called the “C” drive. At home, you can store your files there. At Thrall, use floppy disks or flash drives.

Hardware Generally, parts of a computer or anything that physically connects to it.

Home Page The first page at a website (see definition on next page).

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Identity Theft Be extremely careful whenever entering any personal information at any website (see next page). Such information could be used by others on the

Internet to “steal your indentity” – impersonate you or do something worse!

Internet Millions of computers (and people) all around the world providing or sharing information with each other. The World Wide Web is part of the Internet.

Links How web pages (see below) are connected. You click links (words, buttons, or images) to move from one page to another. Also called hyperlinks.

Loading and Saving Refers to the opening (loading) and recording (saving) of computer files.

Login / Log On / Log Off When you enter your user name and password (see below) to access e-mail, a job search database, or some other service on the Internet.

Megabytes A unit of measurement. Approximately one million letters (characters) long.

Mouse This moves the arrow on the screen. The arrow directs the computer’s attention to what you want to do next. A mouse often has two buttons: a left and right button. Almost always you click the left mouse button.

Networking and Networks Connecting. Among people, it means to develop relationships (businessrelated or friendly). With computers, it means to connect electronically and share information. The greatest of networks globally is the Internet.

Online A word used to signify you are currently connected to the Internet.

Operating System The main software that lets you operate a computer. Microsoft Windows, Apple Mac OS X, and Linux are all popular operating systems.

Personal Computer (PC) Desktop computer. Used for many tasks (e.g. Internet, word processing).

Search Engine A research tool you can use to find information on the World Wide Web.

Search Terms and Results Keywords (search terms) you type can bring up different search results (matches found). Check spelling and use different terms if results are poor.

Social Networking The phenomenon of people networking over the Internet.

Software / Programs You use software to perform different tasks on a computer, such as typing.

Spam Unsolicited (“junk”) e-mail. Best just to delete. Some contain can viruses!

Telecommuting Working at home through a computer connected with an employer.

Uploading / Downloading To send (upload) or receive / retrieve (download) information on the Internet.

USB Port Connection ports on the front or side of a computer. These are used to connect flash drives or other hardware (such as a printer) to a computer.

User Name and Password Whenever you establish an account with a job search service, an e-mail account, or anything else on the Internet, this is the information you enter to log on to a service. Share this information with no one! Try not to use the same user name and password for every website you register at, and try to pick something you can remember.

Viruses and Spyware Bad software that can damage your computer / files or steal your personal information. When getting a personal computer, be sure to inquire about security software. Also see our free Protecting Your Computer flyer.

Web Browser The software you use to access information on the World Wide Web.

Website A location on the World Wide Web. There are many kinds of websites: governmental, educational, commercial, good, bad, and unimaginable. There are literally billions of websites out there. Thrall offers free guides (www.thrall.org/guides) to help you find information on nearly any topic.

Word Processing The software you use to type your resumé, cover letter, or other documents.

World Wide Web A global, growing collection of websites connected by links. The most popular part of the Internet. Whenever you see a “www” or “.com,” these “web addresses” (websites) are where certain information or services can be found. As anyone, anywhere can create a website, you are encouraged to exercise caution and critical thinking whenever you encounter information online. Inquire about our free Critical Thinking Skills flyer for more details.

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Dell Vostro 3568 Pentium 6th Gen 15.6-inch Laptop Information

Technical Details
Brand Dell
Colour Black
Item Height 24 Millimeters
Item Width 26 Centimeters
Screen Size 15.6 Inches
Maximum Display Resolution 1366×768
Item Weight 3.24 Kg
Product Dimensions 38 x 26 x 2.4 cm
Batteries: 1 A batteries required. (included)
Item model number Vostro 3568
Processor Brand Intel
Processor Type Pentium
Processor Speed 2.10 GHz
Processor Count 1
RAM Size 4 GB
Memory Technology DDR4
Computer Memory Type DDR4 SDRAM
Hard Drive Size 1 TB
Hard Disk Technology eSATA
Hard Drive Interface eSATA
Graphics Coprocessor Intel HD Graphics
Graphics Card Interface Integrated
Number of USB 2.0 Ports 1
Number of USB 3.0 Ports 2
Hardware Platform Linux Ubuntu
Operating System Linux
Lithium Battery Energy Content 4.9 Watt Hours
Lithium battery Weight 0.85 Grams
Number of Lithium Ion Cells 2
Included Components Laptop, Battery, AC Adapter, User Guide and Manuals
   

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